The property law is the area of the laws that govern the different form of the ownership in real property the land as well as distinct from personal or the movable possessions and in a personal property, within the common laws legal system. In the civil laws system, there is a division between the movable and immovable property. Movable property roughly corresponds to personal property, while the immovable property corresponds to real estate or real property, and the associated rights and obligations thereon.
- The property rights and thecontractual rights
- The property rights and the personal rights
- The classification
- The possession
- Transfer of the property
- The priority
- The lease
- Law of the possession
The Property rights are rights over the things that are enforceable against with all different persons/peoples. In contrast, The written agreement rights are the enforceable against the specific persons/people. The Property rights might be however the arises from the contract. There are 2 systems of the rights is overlap. In reference to being the sales of the land so that the example there are two sets of the legal relationships between exist aboard one another: then the written agreement rights to sue that for the damages, and also be the owner of the exercisable over the land.So that a lot of minor the property rights is also to create by contract that is within the case of the easements, the covenants, and the equitable servitudes.
A separate distinction is obvious whatever the rights of the granted are insufficiently and substantial to the confer on the non-owner to a determinable an interest or the right within the factor. The clearest example of these rights is that the license. In general that, The albeit licenses are created by a binding contract and they are doing not to make to property interests.
The Property rights and The personal rights
Property law is defined by an excellent deal of historical continuity and technical word. Then the essential distinction in a common law of the systems is between reality or land and the private property.
Before the mid of the 19th century the principles of the devolution of governing of reality and private property on the Associate in anywhere quite and totally different. So that this is the classification doesn't have to be a similar significance for any longer. Then the excellence continues to be an elementary attributable to the essential variations and between the two classes. There is a clear example of this that is the proven fact that land is immovable and therefore, that the principles of the govern its use should disagree. SO that an extra reason for the excellence is that the legislation is usually written by using the normal words.
The idea of the possession developed from the system that whose the principal of the concern was to avoid the civil disorder. So that the final principle that is someone in the possession of the land or the merchandise, so that the offender and is to be entitled to require the action against the any person meddling with the possession and unless the person of meddling is in a position to demonstrate a superior and a right to try and therefore.
The Transfer of property
There is the most usual way of acquiring an interest in the property is so that the result of the consensual transaction with the previous owners for the example A sales or A gifted. The dispositions by will may also to be regarded as the consensual transactions so since the effect of a will is to provide for the distribution of deceased person property to be nominated the beneficiaries. A person may obtain an interest in the property or under a trust and established for his or his/her benefit by the owner of this property.It is possible for the property to be pass from one person to another person independently for the consent of the property owners. For the example that is, this is the occurs when a person or people that are dying to the interstate so that they go bankrupt or has been the property to be taken in a execution of the court judgment.
In the historically, The leases served many be purposes, and regulation varied that is according to be intended purposes and the economic conditions of the time. Leaseholds, for example, were mainly granted for the agriculture until that a late eighteenth of the century and the early nineteenth of the century, when the growth of the cities and made the leasehold an important form of the landholding in urban areas.
The modern laws of the landlord and the tenant in common laws are jurisdictions retains that is an influence of the common laws and the particular and the laissez-faire philosophy that is the dominated the law of contract and the law of property in the 19th of the century. SO that with the growth of consumerism, the laws of the consumer protection maybe recognized that is common law of principles assuming equal to bargaining power between the parties may cause unfairness. Consequently, the reformers have emphasized the need to assess the residential tenancy laws in terms of the protection they provide to tenants. The legislation to protect tenants is now common.
Law of Possession
- The intention to possess
- The importance of the possession
- The obtaining possession
- The possession acquired by the consent
- The possession acquired without the consent
- The forms of the transferring the possession
The intention to possess
An intention to possess that is the other component of the possession. All the required is an intention to be possess something for the time of being. In a common laws countries, the intention to possess the thing is the facts. Normally, this is the proved by the acts of the control and the surrounding circumstances.
this is a possibility to be intended to the possess pf somethings without the knowledge of that it exists. For the example is that, if you intend to possess to a suitcase, so that, then you intend to possess its contents, even a thought you don't know what it contains. It is important to distinguish between the intention sufficient to be a obtain possession of a thing and the intention is required to commit the crimes of the possessing to something is illegal, such that as banned drugs, the firearms or the stolen goods. The intention to be excluded for others from the garage and this is contents they do not necessarily amount or cost to be the guilty mind of the intending to possess stolen for goods.
When the people possess and places to which that is the public has access, it is may be difficult to know whether they intend to possess everything that within these places.so that In such circumstances, some people make it clear that they do not know to want to possession of the things brought there by the public. For the example is that it is not uncommon to see a sign above to the coat rack in the restaurant which disclaims responsibility for the items that is left there.
The importance of the possession
The possession is one of the very important concepts in the property laws. so that In The common laws countries, the possession that is itself the property rights. An absent the evidence to the contrary, it provides us the evidence of the ownership. The possession of the thing for a long enough can become the owner. In the same ways that the passage of the time can be brought to an end the owner's (property legal person) rights to recover the possession of the things.
In the civil laws countries, The possession is not a right but legal facts which enjoy the certain protection by the laws. It can provide the evidence of the ownership but it does not in itself the satisfy and the burden of the proof. For the example of, The ownership of the house is never proven by the mere possession of the home. Possession is the factual state of the exercising control over the objects, so that whether are owning the objects or maybe not. There is only a legal possessor has been the legal ground, the bona fide possessor does not know he/she has no rights to possess and the regular possession is not acquired through the force or by the deceit can become the ownership over the passage of time. A possessor enjoys the certain judicial protection of against third parties even that if he/she is not the owners.
There may be a varying of degrees of the rights to possessions. For the example of, if you leave the book that belongs to you at that cafe and the waiters picks its up, you have been the loss of possession. When you return to recover the book, even the though the waiter has not possession, you have been a better right to the possession and the book should be returned. This is the example of demonstrates the distinction between the ownership and the possession: throughout the process you have been not lost ownership of the book although you have been lost possession at some point.
The obtaining possessioning
The Possession requires that is both control and the intention. It is obtained from the first moment that is both those conditions exist at the same time. Usually, they intend to be preceded control, as when you see a coin on the grounds and they reach down to pick it up. Nevertheless, it is the concept that is a person might be obtain the control of a thing before forming the intention to possess it. If someone unknowingly sat on and therefore had control of an Rs note that on the seat of the train, he/she could obtain the possession by becoming aware of the note and forming the intention to possess it. The People can also intend to possess things left that without their knowledge in a space that they control.
The possession can also be obtained by the one-sided act by which factual control is established. This can be taken the form of the apprehension that's taking an object not in some persons the possession or the seizure taking an object in anyone possessions. It can also be obtained.We are the leading of the property lawyers in the cities of Pakistan offer that a complete legal consultant in the Property problems in Pakistan.